Commemorative Plaques & Flagholders
Jr. Order of United American Mechanics
The Jr, OAUM marker is fairly frequently found in this part of New York State. It was founded in Philadelphia in 1853 as a junior section of the Order of United American Mechanics. It became an independent secret society by 1885 with its fundamental purpose directed at keeping undesirable foreigners out of the country. It considered German, Irish and Roman Catholic persons as among those undesirables and it concentrated its rituals on religious "principals." At the point of its 1885 separation from the OUAM, the Jr. in its name no longer signified age and Mechanics had nothing to do with members' occupations.
Over time, JOUAM changed its ideology and requirements so that Jews, non-whites, and Roman Catholics could join, and women were also accepted as members. It is hard to understand why groups that were formerly targeted by this organization would want to join it.
Over more time it became primarily a legal reserve, fraternal life insurance society. It also eventually absorbed its parent UAM. In 1900 the order had 200,000 members and that was reduced to 8,500 by 1975.
Its ideology is the same as the Daughters of America which is a sister organization. See DOA for that listing.
(Source: Greenwood Encyclopedia of .... Fraternal Organizations, Alvin J. Schmidt, Greenwood Press, 1980, pp 171-172)
Sincerely, Thomas M. Savini
|This is an example of a flagholder that includes the
members name. Dunmore (PA) is the Council
|The above example is a plain version of the marker|
|This badly rusted example is included to help you see
what remains after damage and to help you to identify
difficult or illegible flagholders.
|This example is for Council No. 179 in New York State|
|Sayre (PA) Council No. 210|
|Introduction on Flagholder Section||Warning on Sale of Cemetery Memorabilia||Obtaining Present Day Flagholders|
Published On Tri-Counties Site On 06/05/2003
By Joyce M. Tice
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